The results of metallurgy production in Ukraine for 9 months of 2020 indicate that the region remains in a difficult situation caused by the crisis in the global steel market, intensified by the Coronavirus pandemic.
The main reasons for the decline in the production of the main types of metallurgical products, along with the global quarantine, are still state protectionism in traditional Ukrainian metallurgy export countries, lower prices and reduced demand for metal products, the presence of excess global steelmaking capacities in the amount of about 440 million tons per year. as well as a constant increase in tariffs on the part of state monopolists JSC Ukrzaliznytsia, State Enterprise Administration of Ukrainian Seaports and Naftogaz, as well as a number of destructive laws and regulations that were introduced by the Ukrainian government.
These negative moments are acutely felt during the global crisis, when the domestic metallurgy needs government support more than ever, first of all, in providing a stable and favorable tariff and tax field, providing high-quality service from state transport companies, conditions created for expanding investments in real the sector and the associated growth in metal consumption, as well as protecting the interests of Ukrainian manufacturers in foreign and domestic markets.
In January-September 2020, metallurgical enterprises of Ukraine produced:
– agglomerate – 23,670,000 tons (99.8% relative to the same period in 2019)
– gross coke (6% vol.) – 7,180,000 tons (93.2%);
– pig iron – 15,170,000 tons (98.0%);
– steel – 15,330,000 tons (93.5%);
– rolled products – 13,710,000 tons (97.2%);
Iron ore raw materials:
The provision of metallurgical enterprises with iron ore raw materials for 9 months of 2020 was carried out in accordance with the needs of metallurgical production. There was no import of iron ore.
Iron ore export for 9 months of 2020 is 34,690,000 tons (114% relative to the same period in 2019).
For 9 months of 2020, 9,770,000 tons of coal for coking (93% relative to the same period in 2019) were supplied to the Ukrainian coke-chemical enterprises, of which:
- Ukrainian origin – 2,580,000 tons (103% compared to the same period in 2019)
- imported – 7,190,000 tons (90% compared to January-September 2019).
The share of imported coal in the total supply in January-September 2020 amounted to 73.6% against 76.7% in the same period in 2019
The total volume of coke produced by metallurgists in January-September 2020 is 6,030,000 tons (88% compared to the same period in 2019), of which:
- of Ukrainian origin 5,940,000 tons (91% compared to the same period in 2019)
- imported – 0090000 tons (23% relative to January-September 2019).
The share of imported coke in the total supply for 9 months of 2020 is 1.5% against 5.5% in January-September 2019