According to the World Direct Reduction Statistics for 2019 , the world production of direct reduced iron (DRI) exceeded 100 million tonnes in 2019 for the second year in a row and set a new production record for the fourth year in a row.
Annual publication of industry data and direct recovery information produced by Midrex Technologies, Inc. and audited by World Steel Dynamics.
DRI production increased by 7.3% compared to 2018 to 108 million tonnes.Since 2015, global DRI production has increased by 35.5 million tonnes, or almost 49%.
While there was no contract for large-scale direct reduction capacity in 2019, the launch of Algerian Qatari Steel (AQS) in Algeria and Cleveland Cliffs in the US will add 4.4 million tonnes in 2021.
Meanwhile, in Iran, Pasargad announced the launch of a 1.5 Mtpa Midrex plant last year, and there are eight other projects (including six in Iran) in various stages of implementation (with a total capacity of 7.55 Mt). DRI production in Iran reached a record 28.5 million tonnes (up 10.9% over 2018) – all from natural gas-based products.
Last year, India was recorded as the number one DRI producer in the world.
Vincent Chevrier, General Manager Business Development Midrex, commented, “2019 was another record year for DRI production, surpassing the previous year by 8%. The increase came from rotary kilns in India, Iran and Algeria, where Tosyali Algerie increased production. Midrex module 2.5 million tons /year. The year was marked by a shortage of pellets sold. DRI producers with access to their own iron ore increased production, while producers who rely on the pellets sold were forced to restrict output. ”